During the past few weeks we’ve watched a new trend emerge. Banks are walking away from foreclosed properties, leaving neighborhoods devastated by abandoned homes and placing homeowners, who thought their property had been taken away, with financial obligations often beyond the deficiencies of their loans.
Following the release earlier this month by Northwestern University, University of Chicago and European University economists of a new study that indicates as many as 26 percent of homeowners have “strategically” defaulted on their homes, news and talk programming, as well as print editorials, raised numerous ethics questions about the findings. Around the same time, flooded basement Chicago a handful of news outlets around the country, including The New York Times, were reporting on the devastating results of bank walk-aways, which appear to have received far less scrutiny regarding ethics.
Our firm has successfully navigated clients with more than $50 million in outstanding mortgage debt through the foreclosure process with no personal deficiencies. However, we recently began representing a client whose home, which once appraised at $800,000, was foreclosed on 9 months ago but the bank did not secure the property. When our client first contacted us on referral from one of our other foreclosure clients, we found the home with unlocked doors; light fixtures, utility meters, appliances and some plumbing fixtures – even one of three toilets – removed; water damage and mold. All of this was on a nearly half-acre lot that hadn’t been mowed or weeded in nearly a year.
Beyond the once-stately property being a danger and eyesore in the community, we discovered the title remained in our client’s name, making him liable for any potential ordinance or code violations. Fortunately, working with a team of property managers, the home was quickly secured and restored to current market value, likely at far less cost than it would have been after another Illinois winter.
The property title is being placed in trust awaiting the bank’s next steps, allowing our client to finally, truly walk away. However similar stories, with far less successful endings, are being told in Wisconsin, Ohio, Michigan and other states across the nation. Some municipalities are considering ordinances to force banks to take title and the responsibility that goes with it, but enforcement remains an issue.
Frauds and Scams, or Helping Hands?
Most people are aware that the mortgage crisis has spurred a new industry for opportunistic scam artists preying on homeowners who have made the decision to walk away from homes they can no longer afford, or that don’t make economic sense to maintain. Some of these organizations are facing Attorneys General suits and investigations, and class-action suits from their former clients who paid up-front fees of nearly $1,000 for such things as a “Foreclosure Protection Kit” that includes “a personalized cease and desist letter addressed to your lender to stop harassing phone calls.”
How does one separate the wheat from the chaff? One way is the fee itself. The Illinois Mortgage Rescue Fraud Act prohibits companies from requiring upfront payment from consumers for a list of services, most of which the homeowner could perform his or her self.