Project Management Knowledge Areas

The Project Management Institute (PMI®) organizes management into nine areas of specific knowledge. These knowledge areas contain processes that are distributed over the project life cycle in five process groups. The nine knowledge areas and the processes contained in those knowledge areas can be further explored in the A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge: (Pmbok Guide.
Project Integration Management

The processes contained in this knowledge area are Develop Project Charter, Develop Project Management Plan, Direct and Manage Project Execution, Monitor and Control Project Work, Perform Integrated Change Control, Close Project or Phase PMP certification cost. Integration Management is the only knowledge area that has processes in every process group. This is kind of the balancing knowledge area, where the other knowledge areas come together.

The processes contained in this area are Collect Requirements, Define Scope, Create WBS, Verify Scope, Control Scope. The scope of the project determines what things are included in the project, and often, specifically what is NOT included in the project. When the scope is determined, some items that could be part of the project, might be deferred to a follow on project. This is how the scope is defined and controlled. Changes to the scope always result in changes to budget and schedule. The continual addition of features to a project is the definition of scope “creep” and is the number one reason that so many projects either fail or have major budget and schedule over-runs.

The processes contained in this area are Define Activities, Sequence Activities, Estimate Activity Resources, Estimate Activity Durations, Develop Schedule, Control Schedule. This knowledge area has to do with developing a schedule for the project. At first first glance, the process Estimate Activity Resources might seem like something that would more likely be in the Project Cost Management, and it will definitely impact project cost, but in this instance the process has to do with determining how many people will be assigned to the project and whether the resources assigned to the project will be junior or senior resources, that assignment may make the difference in how quickly portions of the project are completed and, of course, how much it will cost.

The processes contained in this area are Estimate costs, Determine Budget, Control Costs. This has to do with preparing for specific costs of the project and how to analyze where the project is in regards to cost and budgeting, and in making sure the expenses of the project are provided for.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *